The Innovation Affect of Group Cooperation Among Universities and Companies
The Innovation Affect of Cluster Cooperation between Universities and Companies
Subjective: Small and medium-sized enterprises make alliances, groups, networks or clusters, to get to obtain agreements, better use of production capacity, spreading the cost of marketing, and so forth The highest level of social networking is chaining, such as by simply cluster intended for joint expansion and study. The cost of the innovation process significantly burden small businesses than significant firms. The clusters generally operate small , and medium-sized firms, but likewise large businesses. Common activities bring confident and negative relationships and effects. In article will probably be examined co-operation of businesses associated in clusters and universities, the influence of co-operation upon companies advancement. Universities enjoy an important function in the advancement innovation. Close cooperation between university and group of firms specialized in one sector provides the possibility of bettering knowledge and understanding of organization processes and needs. This kind of co-operation causes businesses benefit from the mental capital of students, which in turn undoubtedly comes with an impact on the innovation potential of businesses and on the other hand college or university graduates will be better ready for market and research plans for students are better suited. The results of questionnaire demonstrate, given the best number of applied research co-projects of corporations and educational institutions (more than 1/3 companies), that this cooperation affects the capacity of firms to improve and it makes perception to strenuously promote the cooperation of universities and companies.
Keywords and phrases: Cluster, Innovation, University, Co-operation
The basement of each economy are small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs´). They will occupy an essential role while the largest workplace, they can create jobs in low capital cost, include innovation. SMEs´ can to decentralize business activity, aid to the region's growth and last but not least assist to reduce the unwanted effects of strength changes (Malach, 2004). The dimensions of SMEs´ delivers not only confident benefits, such as flexibility, adaptability, ability to fill up the market niche, but it is likewise burdened in negative attributes - SMEs´ have very little economic power, operates using a high administrative costs and their access to capital is tough. Other unfavorable factors driving small and moderate enterprises is definitely one particularly weak position when rivalling for public contracts, limiting sales towards the domestic market, ignorance on the part of retail stores, restricted entry to vocational education, etc . Small , and medium corporations to conquer some negatives form units, associations, systems or clusters. They can together easily to obtain a contract, to improve of use of production potential, to share advertising costs, and so forth The highest degree of connection is known as a cluster based upon the joint development and research, since the cost of the innovation method to a substantial burden about small businesses more than big companies. Groupings as regional cooperation of enterprises, universities and study institutes fulfill the demands of your new business types. They favor cooperation, although not escape from competition. These kinds of groups will be concentrated in your area, inter alia, an effective instrument for regional development and for increasing of competitiveness, both at macro and at tiny level. It can help them and cooperation with research institutes and colleges (Ludvík, Mikoláš, Papalová, 2005). Materials and methods
Cluster is the network of interconnected companies, knowledge creating institutions, assisting institutions, or connected customers in the value chain. It is an association of cooperating corporations and this association is concentrated in a particular position and market (Cluster -- definition, 2006). The foundation for defining the concept of cluster was posed by M. Porter in his book The Competitive Advantage...
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