How to Write an Introduction for a Research Paper Independently?

After having enough practice you will eventually develop your own strategy for writing interesting and catchy introductions for a research paper. If you are a beginner in writing it might be tough to come up with the right strategy.

Introduction has two purposes in the paper:

  • It attracts readers’ attention.
  • It contains thesis statement – a main idea of your whole paper.

When making a plan for your paper you need to draft a thesis statement. You should include it into a paragraph that makes your readers want to read what you have written. When your readers begin to read your paper they are attempting to understand a text that is new to them. They need to understand its purpose, context, and background in order to have interest in reading it. An explicit introduction will show the richness and complexity of your work and make the readers know what to expect from your paper.

When Do You Need to Write an Introduction?

Introduction doesn’t have to be written first. Some prefer to write it in the middle of making a draft for the work, because it allows them to see the direction their paper is going. Others prefer to write introduction in the end when the rest of the sections of paper are ready, because this is when they know the content of their work. To see what option you prefer the most, try both approaches. Keep in mind to always check the introduction before turning in the final variant of the paper to make sure it matches the content of your paper.

How to Write an Introduction for a Research Paper from the Start?

Introduction can invite readers to read the paper in many ways depending on the discipline you are writing your paper in:

  • Give a comparison,
  • Ask a question.
  • Explain a situation.
  • Specify a debate.
  • Provide a quote.
  • Describe an issue.
  • Offer a hypothesis.

What Is the Promise of Your Introduction?

Introductions give a promise you want to make to a reader. Introduction should declare the purpose and topic of your paper, find a connection between a purpose and what you have discussed during your course, and present a preview to the reader of how you will reach this purpose.

  • Address a topic. It is one of the most important functions of an introduction – you need to let your readers know what you are writing about.
  • Present an argument, discovery, or claim. They should be presented in the end of an introduction: thesis statement. This means that your paper will make a point, not just provide an overview of a topic.
  • Engage in a conversation. If you’re writing for an instructor, it might suggest that your research paper will focus on the main topic of your course. If you’re writing as a scholar, it might suggest that you are going to explain your research and show how it will close the gap in the research that already exists.
  • Make your readers want to read a paper. Your introduction should make your readers interested in your paper. You need to persuade your reader who is reading other 50 papers on the same topic that your paper is worth attention. You need to offer exciting and unusual question your paper is going to address.

Introductions for Different Specializations

Below there are tips on how to write an introduction for a research paper in various disciplines.

  • Undergraduate history paper. Introductions for history papers start by putting the paper in the context of larger talks and end by suggesting a particular argument the paper will support.
  • Mechanical engineering papers. Introductions in engineering papers present a research problem or question.
  • Legal papers. Introductions in legal papers should lead a reader through a range of logical steps that give a description to the talks about the topic. The last sentence should end by promising to close a gap in that talk.

Final Tips

  • Make it short. Stick to the plan of paper and don’t give too many details.
  • Determine the problem. Introductions should logically end at the end of thesis statement or research question. The reader should know exactly what you going to achieve in the paper by the end of introduction.
  • Organization. Make sure to adjust your introduction to the whole composition of the paper.

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