Ellis Sla Perspective
SLSSLA, 20, 69вЂ“92. Printed in the United States of America.
SLA AND LANGUAGE PEDAGOGY
An Educational Perspective
Fly fishing rod Ellis
Various SLA research workers have demonstrated a in dialect pedagogy (LP), yet the marriage between SLA and VINYLSKIVA is a difficult one, not really because of the restrictions of SLA itself nevertheless because the two disciplines entail different " DiscoursesвЂќ (Gee, 1990). In this paper it is argued that the educational point of view is needed to be able to examine how SLA may contribute to LP. Such a perspective advises ways in which SLA can be appraised in a pedagogically relevant method and, more importantly, what kinds of applications may be fruitful. It is suggested that relevance is likely to be obtained if SLA is used to cope with issues that professionals nominate as important to all of them. Different models of application are considered, reflecting other ways of looking at teaching. A behavioral version, according where teachers implement those behaviors that research has shown to be effective, is rejected. However , SLA can serve as a crucial source of information that can help to shape practitioners' theories of teaching (a intellectual model). Most importantly, it constitutes a source of " provisional specificationsвЂќ that practitioners can evaluate in their individual contexts of action (an interpretation model). SLA also affords practitioners the means for conducting their particular investigations. In short, an educational perspective suggests that for SLA to affect LP, professionals need assistance in transforming knowledge about L2 acquisition in to practice.
вЂ... researchers need to justify themselves to practitioners, not practitioners to researchers. ' Stenhouse, 1981
CONNECTIONS AND CHASMS
SLA features in part, probably the larger part, been motivated by a great expressed aspire to improve language pedagogy. Aguijada (1994) produces, " Most of the work (in SLA) provides пЈ© 97 Cambridge University Press 0272-2631/97 $7. 60 +. 12
been completed by language experts who will be deeply considering teaching practice because some of them were instructors at one particular timeвЂќ (p. 50). The task that Aguijada refers to has involved the study of naturalistic and instructed L2 acquisition. The explanation for learning the former can be provided by Hatch out, Flashner, and Hunt (1986): For both the tutor and the educator trainer, the task is to get those experience that bring about most to learning and work out techniques for bringing reasonable copies of the people experiences, plus the ways of working with them, in to the classroom. ( p. 20)
Thus, in the event scaffolding learners' utterances can be shown to help syntax learning in naturalistic acquisition (Hatch, 1978a), it may follow that teachers ought to find methods of introducing these kinds of scaffolding within their classrooms. This sort of application, however , is available to challenge; that follow that what is effective in naturalistic contexts works well in classrooms and, regardless if this may be demonstrated, it does not follow which the naturalistic way is the most successful way of learning. In contrast, study regarding instructed L2 acquisition generally seems to afford the chance of more direct application to teaching. Nevertheless , as we will shortly find, the application of advised SLA to LP is likewise problematic. A lot of SLA analysts have shown considerable reticence in applying the results of their work to language pedagogy. In early articles, Tarone, Swain, and Fathman (1976) and Hatch (1978a) argued that caution should be exercised. Hatch recognized that applying results from the domain name of study to the site of pedagogy often necessitated an " incredible leap in logic, вЂќ which usually needed to be protected against. Implied in this view is the supposition that when researchers genuinely knew the facts of L2 acquisition it will be possible to give audio advice. Very long (1990a, l. 656) feels sufficiently confident to list a set of " well-attested information. вЂќ Other folks, myself included,...
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Fishing rod Ellis
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